Deep space refers to the distant edges of outer space. NASA tends to set this at a distance of between 16,000 and 32,000 kilometers from Earth’s surface.
The International Telecommunication Union states it starts at 2 million kilometers from the surface of the Earth.
While there is disagreement about where deep space begins, what can be agreed on is that it is very, very far away.
Telescopes to be used to look into deep space have different required specifications to regular telescopes. We have detailed all of these below in our buyer’s guide section.
We have rounded up our top 5 choices for deep space telescopes and reviewed them for you. If you are in a rush, we have put our favorite below. This article concludes with an FAQ section to answer any questions you may still have.
In a hurry?
Our top pick is the Meade Instruments Polaris telescope. It is a very reasonable price for a deep space telescope and has an average customer rating of 4.5 stars from over 430 customers.
The focal ratio is f/8. It has a Rack-and-Pinion focuser, setting circles, and a latitude control including a scale.
There are 3 levels of magnification eyepieces to allow you to customize your viewing experience. The German Equatorial mount comes with slow motion control.
OUR TOP PICK
This is a fairly mid-range telescope that will set you back around $455.36.
The telescope comes with a 1 year warranty period to cover you in the case of malfunction.
It is by far the least portable of our picks, weighing in at a hefty 22.5 pounds.
If you are looking for a telescope to move around, this is not the one for you.
This is an achromatic reflector telescope set on a German equatorial mount.
It has an adjustable steel tripod base support. It has a red dot optical viewfinder.
The telescope comes with an accessory tray and an instructional DVD with astronomical software.
The aperture is 114mm and the focal length is 1,000mm. The telescope comes with 3 eyepieces - a 26mm, a 9mm, and a 6.3mm.
It also comes with a 2X Barlow lens, allowing the magnification to range from 16X to 228X. This is the largest magnification range of all our picks.
- 1 year warranty
- Magnification range from 16X to 228X
- 114mm aperture
- 2 Barlow lenses included
- 1,000mm focal length
This telescope costs $255.78. The telescope comes with a 2 year warranty period. It only weighs 11 pounds and comes with a travel tripod.
The telescope comes with an accessory tray, astronomical software, and an erect image star diagonal.
The aperture is only 70mm and the focal length is 900mm.
The telescope comes with 2 eyepieces that are 10mm and 20mm. The magnification range is from 45X to 290X.
- 2 year warranty
- Comes with a travel tripod
- 45X to 90X magnification range
- 900mm focal length
This telescope costs a measly $139.99. It comes with a lifetime maintenance guarantee to cover you in the case of malfunction.
It only weighs 6.49 pounds and comes with a handy carry bag for easy transportation.
This is a refractor telescope set on an altazimuth mount. It has an adjustable alloy tripod base support.
It has a 5x24 finder with a mounting bracket and cross-haircrosshair lines.
The telescope comes with an accessory tray, wireless camera remote, and smartphone adaptor.
The aperture is 70mm and the focal length is 400mm. The telescope comes with a 10 and 25mm eyepiece.
It also comes with a 3X Barlow lens, allowing the magnification to range from 16X to 120X.
- Under $150
- Lifetime maintenance guarantee
- Magnification range from 16X to 120X
- Very portable
- Focal length is only 400mm
This is the cheapest of our picks at $89.99. There is no warranty period started but many positive customer reviews.
It is the lightest of our picks at only 3.89 pounds. If you are looking for a telescope to move around, this is the one for you.
This is a refractor telescope set on an altazimuth mount. It has an adjustable tripod base support.
It has a 5x24 finder. The telescope comes with 2 moon and star maps.
The aperture is 70mm and the focal length is 360mm.
The telescope comes with 2 1.25” eyepieces. The magnification ranges from 51X to 128X.
- Under $100
- Very lightweight
- Magnification range of 51X to 128X
- Focal length of just 360mm
- No warranty period stated
This is the most pricey of our picks at $762.70 The telescope comes with a 1 year warranty period.
It is also not very portable, weighing in at a hefty 22 pounds. This telescope is much better suited to remaining in one place.
This is a reflector telescope set on an altazimuth mount. It has a Dobsonian base support.
It has a 6x30 finder. The telescope comes with a CD-ROM containing a software with a guide to the sky.
The aperture is 114mm and the focal length is 900mm. The telescope comes with a 10mm and 25mm eyepiece.
The magnification ranges from 36X to 91X. The telescope takes only 30 minutes to assemble.
- 114mm aperture
- 900mm focal length
- 1 year warranty
- Very expensive
- Very heavy
Often when you are attempting to find certain objects in the night sky, there are specific locations you need to go to to find them. These tend to be high vantage points, such as mountaintops.
If you are to take your astronomy seriously, you will need a telescope that can be broken down and compacted for ease of transportation.
There are 3 main designs for mounts: Dobsonian, Altitude-Azimuth, and German-Equatorial mounts.
Dobsonian mounts tend to be preferred by most users of large aperture telescopes. They do not track the sky, and instead, you must move the telescope in line with the motion of the celestial object.
As technology advances, Dobsonian telescopes are more commonly becoming able to track the sky and perform GOTO functions.
Dobsonian mounts are a subcategory of Altitude-Azimuth mounts. These tend to be lighter and more compact than equatorial mounts. You must move 2 different parts of the mount at once to adjust the position of the telescope.
Equatorial mounts are much heavier than Altitude-Azimuth. You must have weights on it to counterbalance the weight of the telescope.
Newtonian Reflectors are the best kind for deep space viewing. This will often give you the largest price : aperture ratio. Pay attention to the focal length with this design. It can be difficult to reach the eyepiece or angle the telescope.
Schmidt-Cassegrain telescopes are less affordable than Newtonian but are still popular choices. They also have long focal lengths, but you may need a reducer or corrector to increase your field of view.
This refers to the diameter of the lens (or mirror) in the scope. In other words, the diameter of the surface that the refracted light is collected on. In refractor telescopes, this is the diameter of the objective lens, and in reflecting, it is the diameter of the primary mirror.
This is one instance where size does matter! In almost all cases, a larger aperture is better. This is because the larger aperture allows more light into the eyepiece.
This extra light improves the image quality, particularly if the objects are faint. This works to produce a finer and clearer image. The standard aperture of a telescope is at least 2.8 inches or 70mm.
These are made of many lenses contained within a metal cylinder. The numerical value of the focal length is written on the side. Lower focal lengths will help with increased magnification whereas higher focal lengths are better for a wider field of view.
Changing the eyepiece is the best way to play around with the magnification of your telescope.
The focal length is the distance between the focal point and the objective lens. Longer focal lengths create large but faint images and vice versa for shorter focal lengths.
The focal ratio can be calculated by dividing the focal length by the aperture (in mm). The lower the focal ratio (f-number) of the telescope, the better they are for viewing objects in deep space. A ratio of f/5 is usually good for looking into deep space.
This is determined by the eyepiece you are using and the focal length of the telescope. Magnification is very useful for enlarging clear images, but almost useless if your image is blurry.
We have written an article on how to calculate the magnification, which can be found here.
Many telescopes will have a built-in computer that will help you to locate objects in the night sky. This means that you do not have to worry about using a star map to find specific constellations.
This is not vital for most telescope users. It is only really useful if you wish to delve into astrophotography.
Type of telescope
These are the oldest and most traditional types of telescope. They are also known as dioptric telescopes and were most common in the early nineteen hundreds. Technology has advanced a lot since then, and most other telescopes are better.
It is a straight cylindrical tube connected to an eyepiece. At the other end, a lens is placed and this is what allows you to view the image that is produced.
This type of telescope was invented by Sir Isaac Newton and is also known as a catoptric telescope. It differs from a refracting telescope as it uses a series of curved mirrors to reflect light that bounces off objects far away. This forms an image at the eyepiece.
The curved mirror is located on the edge of the cylindrical surface. This creates an image on the focal plane using light reflected from objects far away. This image can also be seen directly via the eyepiece. The Hubble telescope and many other modern telescopes use this technology.
This is also known as a catadioptric telescope. This uses 2 mirrors, situated at the front and back of the cylindrical tube.
They work in conjunction with the lens to create the image.
The image quality must be high if you want a clear and sharp image of the night sky. As technology has advanced, the image quality of telescopes has improved.
Every telescope has a limit to how far it can look. Once this point has been passed, something known as optical aberrations begin to occur. This is when an object in the sky appears to be displaced. This is caused by the relative motion of the celestial body and your position.
You should always check the limit of the telescope. This will prevent any disappointment in the future.
Ease of use
This is an important consideration when purchasing a telescope. If it is not easy to assemble and use, you may be dissuaded from using it as often as you intended.
If you are purchasing the telescope for a child, they must be able to set it up and operate it by themselves.
The type of base support you will need depends on the surface you plan to set the telescope up on. It is important to have a stable base for your telescope to ensure the image you see is clear.
You can get table supports, floor supports, and tripod stands. These should be adjustable, allowing you to change the length of the stand. We recommend checking all the different ways you can set up your telescope before purchase.
This is used to help you track the location of specific objects in the night sky. There are 3 main types: peep sight, reflect sight, and what is essentially a mini telescope.
The peep sight is the easiest to use and is ideal for beginners. The reflect sight projects a red laser beam into the sky. The final option uses crosshairs to precisely pinpoint the location of whatever celestial object you are looking for.
The aperture should be larger than 25mm (1 inch).
These include things such as base supports, eyepieces, and Barlow lenses. The most vital are the base support and tripod stand, which are used to stabilize the telescope.
A digital monitor is a great accessory to have. This will allow you to project the image from your telescope onto a screen. This can then be recorded and shared.
Telescopes are complex pieces of equipment which are also incredibly delicate. They must be treated with care as they can break easily if assembled incorrectly or dropped.
This can be very stressful to do if you do not have prior knowledge of telescopes. The telescope should come with a detailed user manual complete with assembly and care instructions.
The telescope technology is very advanced and this comes with a hefty price tag. The complexity of the internal detail of your telescope dictates the price tag and usually the quality too.
You should look at your telescope as an investment. High quality models will last for years to come and you are likely to only buy one or two in your lifetime.
Frequently Asked Questions
How do you properly clean a telescope?
You should use a camel hair brush to clean dust particles off of the telescope lens. These can commonly be found in camera stores. There are many cleaning solutions available that are suitable for using on the telescope lens. These tend to be methanol-based.
You should always keep the lens cap on the telescope when it is not in use. We also recommend pointing your scope towards the ground. This will stop dust from settling onto the optics.
We suggest storing any extra eyepieces in a plastic bag. We do not recommend touching the lens or mirror inside your telescope.
How to improve your stargazing experience
You should begin by lowering your expectations. The images of the night sky that you see online are taken by the Hubble telescope and you will not be able to get images of the same clarity or quality.
Try to avoid buildings and other large objects. This is because they emit heat at night and this can hinder your ability to see stars and planets due to the increased air currents.
Do not attempt to view your telescope through a window. This will act as an additional lens and make the viewed image much less clear.
Begin your session using the lowest value eyepiece. Counter-intuitively, this is the one that has the largest number marked on the outside. These images will be brighter and sharper than higher value eyepieces.